Recommended Conferences

Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacology

Paris, France
 

Fatness, fitness, and cardiovascular disease risk factors in children and adolescents

Author(s): Eisenmann JC, Welk GJ, Ihmels M, Dollman J

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine differences in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors across four cross-tabulated groups of cardiorespiratory fitness and body fatness in youth.

Methods: Subjects included 860 males and 755 females aged 9-15 yr from the Australian Schools Health and Fitness Survey. Participants were cross-tabulated into four groups using percent body fat and estimated maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) to split the groups. CVD risk factors included blood pressure, triglycerides (TG), fasting total cholesterol (CHOL), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and TC:HDL-C.

Results: In males, significant differences across groups were observed for blood pressure, TG, HDL-C, LDL-C, and TC:HDL-C (P < 0.05). In females, significant group differences were observed for blood pressure and HDL-C (P < 0.05). In females, a significant difference was also evident between those in the high-fat/high-fitness group compared with the high-fat/low-fitness group for all blood pressure measures. A general trend of lower blood pressure values for both males and females in the low-fat group compared with the high-fat group was also observed. This same trend was found for males in the blood lipids. There was a linear relationship across groups for the CVD risk score for both genders. There were also significant differences between the low- and high-fat subgroups within a fitness group for both genders.

Conclusion: The results provide evidence for the consideration of both fatness and fitness when interpreting CVD risk factors in youth, particularly among high-fat youth.

Similar Articles

Physiological basis of clinically used coronary hemodynamic indices

Author(s): Spaan JA, Piek JJ, Hoffman JI, Siebes M

Pressure-flow relations in coronary circulation

Author(s): Hoffman JI, Spaan JA

Pathophysiology of coronary artery disease

Author(s): Libby P, Theroux P

Multicentric inflammation in epicardial coronary arteries of patients dying of acute myocardial infarction

Author(s): Spagnoli LG, Bonanno E, Mauriello A, Palmieri G, Partenzi A, et al.

Chest pain relief by nitroglycerin does not predict active coronary artery disease

Author(s): Henrikson CA, Howell EE, Bush DE, Miles JS, Meininger GR, et al.

Exercise-induced ST depression in the diagnosis of coronary artery disease

Author(s): Gianrossi R, Detrano R, Mulvihill D, Lehmann K, Dubach P, et al.

Effect of myocardial ischemia on cardiac troponin I and T

Author(s): Carlson RJ, Navone A, McConnell JP, Burritt M, Castle MC, et al.

Prevalence and determinants of troponin T elevation in the general population

Author(s): Wallace TW, Abdullah SM, Drazner MH, Das SR, Khera A, et al.

Utility of myocardial perfusion imaging in patients with low-risk treadmill scores

Author(s): Poornima IG, Miller TD, Christian TF, Hodge DO, Bailey KR, et al.

Magnetic resonance spectroscopy in myocardial disease

Author(s): Hudsmith LE, Neubauer S

Accuracy of MSCT coronary angiography with 64-slice technology: first experience

Author(s): Leschka S, Alkadhi H, Plass A, Desbiolles L, Grünenfelder J, et al.

Characteristics of coronary plaques before angiographic progression determined by Multi-Slice CT

Author(s): Leber AW, von Ziegler F, Becker A, Becker CR, Reiser M, et al.

Influence of heart rate on the diagnostic accuracy of dual-source computed tomography coronary angiography

Author(s): Ropers U, Ropers D, Pflederer T, Anders K, Kuettner A, et al.

Radiation dose in computed tomography of the heart

Author(s): Morin RL, Gerber TC, McCollough CH

Radiation exposure during cardiac CT: effective doses at multi-detector row CT and electron-beam CT

Author(s): Hunold P, Vogt FM, Schmermund A, Debatin JF, Kerkhoff G, et al.

Prognostic value of dobutamine stress myocardial contrast perfusion echocardiography

Author(s): Tsutsui JM, Elhendy A, Anderson JR, Xie F, McGrain AC, et al.

N Engl J Med 331: 489-495

Author(s): Serruys PW, de Jaegere P, Kiemeneij F, Macaya C, Rutsch W, et al.

Major clinical events after coronary stenting

Author(s): Sutton JM, Ellis SG, Roubin GS, Pinkerton CA, King SB 3rd, et al.

Percutaneous coronary intervention versus coronary-artery bypass grafting for severe coronary artery disease

Author(s): Serruys PW, Morice MC, Kappetein AP, Colombo A, Holmes DR, et al.

Coronary revascularization in context

Author(s): Lange RA, Hillis LD

Coronary artery disease in Saudi Arabia

Author(s): Al-Nozha MM, Arafah MR, Al-Mazrou YY, Al-Maatouq MA, Khan NB, et al.

Diabetes mellitus in Saudi Arabia

Author(s): Al-Nozha MM, Al-Maatouq MA, Al-Mazrou YY, Al-Harthi SS, Arafah MR, et al.

Obesity in Saudi Arabia

Author(s): Al-Nozha MM, Al-Mazrou YY, Al-Maatouq MA, Arafah MR, Khalil MZ, et al.

Metabolic syndrome in Saudi Arabia

Author(s): Al-Nozha M, Al-Khadra A, Arafah MR, Al-Maatouq MA, Khalil MZ, et al.

Hypertension in Saudi Arabia

Author(s): Al-Nozha MM, Abdullah M, Arafah MR, Khalil MZ, Khan NB, et al.

Hyperlipidemia in Saudi Arabia

Author(s): Al-Nozha MM, Arafah MR, Al-Maatouq MA, Khalil MZ, Khan NB, et al.

Interaction between fatness and fitness on CVD risk factors in Asian youth

Author(s): Jekal Y, Kim ES, Im JA, Park JH, Lee MK, et al.

Body fatness and clustering of cardiovascular disease risk factors in Portuguese children and adolescents

Author(s): Ribeiro JC, Guerra S, Oliveira J, Andersen LB, Duarte JA, et al.

Changes in secondary prevention of coronary artery disease in the post-discharge period over the decade 1997-2007

Author(s): Pajak A, Jankowski P, Kawecka-Jaszcz K, Surowiec S, Wolfshaut R, et al.

Secondary prevention through cardiac rehabilitation: from knowledge to implementation

Author(s): Piepoli MF, Corrá U, Benzer W, Bjarnason-Wehrens B, Dendale P, et al.

Secondary prevention of coronary artery disease in hospital practice over the decade 1996-2006

Author(s): Jankowski P, Kawecka-Jaszcz K, Pajak A, Surowiec S, Wolfshaut R, et al.