Bicycling to school during the transition from childhood to adolescence: a six-year longitudinal study

Author(s): Cardon GM, Maes LRD, Haerens LL, de Bourdeaudhuij IMM


Little is known about bicycling to school as children age. At baseline (2002) self-report data from 1070 children were gathered (51.9% boys; mean age: 10 years).The measurements were repeated in 2003 (n = 1039), 2004 (n = 907), 2005 (n = 549) and 2008 (n = 515). The rates of children bicycling to school significantly varied across time points from 46% at the age of ten, 69% at the age of 11, 83% at the age of 12, 70% at the age of 13 toward 78% at the age of 16. Starting from the age of 11, the average duration of time spent bicycling to school significantly increased over time. According to multilevel regression analyses 13.6% of the variance in rates of bicycling to school was situated at the school level, 39.6% at the pupil level and 46.7% at the measurement level. The differences in rates and durations across time points were independent from gender, BMI, SES and having siblings. Pupils engaging in bicycling to school at younger ages had a higher change of engaging in bicycling to school at 16 years old (ORs: 2.69-7.61; ICC bicycling rates: 0.46, ICC bicycling durations: 0.82). This finding emphasizes the need for promoting bicycling to school at young age.

Similar Articles

Cycling to school and cardiovascular risk factors: a longitudinal study

Author(s): Andersen LB, Wedderkopp N, Kristensen P, Moller NC, Froberg K, et al.

Vehicle emissions during children’s school commuting: impact of education policy

Author(s): Marshall JD, Wilson RD, Meyer KL, Rajangam SK, McDonald NC, et al.

Walking and cycling to school: predictors of increases among children and adolescents

Author(s): Hume C, Timperio A, Salmon J, Carver A, Giles-Corti B, et al.

Physical activity change during adolescence: a systematic review and a pooled analysis

Author(s): Dumith SC, Gigante DP, Domingues MR, Kohl III HW