Manual for the depression anxiety stress scales

Author(s): Lovibond, S. H., & Lovibond, P. F


Psychology is that the scientific study of the mind and behavior, consistent with the American Psychological Association. Psychology may be a multifaceted discipline and includes many sub-fields of study such areas as human development, sports, health, clinical, social behavior and cognitive processes. Psychology is basically a really new science, with most advances happening over the past 150 years approximately. However, its origins are often traced back to ancient Greece, 400 – 500 years BC. the stress was a philosophical one, with great thinkers like Socrates (470 BC – 399 BC) influencing Plato (428/427 BC – 348/347 BC), who successively influenced Aristotle (384 BC - 322 BC). Philosophers wont to discuss many topics now studied by modern psychology, like memory, discretion vs determinism, nature vs. nurture, attraction etc. within the youth of psychology there have been two dominant theoretical perspectives regarding how the brain worked, structuralism and functionalism. Structuralism was the name given to the approach pioneered by Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920), which focused on breaking down mental processes intro the foremost basic components. The term originated from Edward Titchener, an American psychologist who had been trained by Wundt. Wundt was important because he separated psychology from philosophy by analyzing the workings of the mind during a more structured way, with the stress being on objective measurement and control.