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Secondary bile acid induced DNA damage in HT29cells: Are free radicals involved

Author(s): Booth LA, Gilmore IT, Bilton RF


Increased bile acid secretion, as a consequence of a high fat diet, results in the increased production of bile acids that may escape the enterohepatic circulation, and be subsequently metabolised by the colonic micro-flora to form the co-mutagenic and cwarcinogenic secondary bile acids. The potential of the secondary bile acids lithocholate (LOC) and deoxycholate (DOC), to induce DNA damage, in the colonocyte cell line HT29, at physiological concentrations both individually and in a 2:l ratio was assessed. Results indicated significant levels of DNA damage induced by both bile acids, with LOC having the greater DNA damaging capacity. The potential role of vitamin A, and the antioxidant vitamin E, in reducing this damage was determined, over a range of vitamin concentrations. Both vitamins reduced the bile acid induced DNA damage. Vitamin A displayed a dose response relationship, whereas vitamin E reduced DNA damage close to negative control values at all concentrations above 50 μM. These results indicate a protective role for Vitamins A and E, against the DNA damaging capacity of LOC and DOC.

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