Author(s): Goldenberg DL, Burckhardt C, Crofford L
Objective:To provide up-to-date evidence-based guidelines for the optimal treatment of FMS. DATA SOURCES, SELECTION, AND EXTRACTION: A search of all human trials (randomized controlled trials and meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials) of FMS was made using Cochrane Collaboration Reviews (1993-2004), MEDLINE (1966-2004), CINAHL (1982-2004), EMBASE (1988-2004), PubMed (1966-2004), Healthstar (1975-2000), Current Contents (2000-2004), Web of Science (1980-2004), PsychInfo (1887-2004), and Science Citation Indexes (1996-2004). The literature review was performed by an interdisciplinary panel, composed of 13 experts in various pain management disciplines, selected by the American Pain Society (APS), and supplemented by selected literature reviews by APS staff members and the Utah Drug Information Service. A total of 505 articles were reviewed.
Data synthesis:There are major limitations to the FMS literature, with many treatment trials compromised by short duration and lack of masking. There are no medical therapies that have been specifically approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for management of FMS. Nonetheless, current evidence suggests efficacy of low-dose tricyclic antidepressants, cardiovascular exercise, cognitive behavioral therapy, and patient education. A number of other commonly used FMS therapies, such as trigger point injections, have not been adequately evaluated.
Conclusions:Despite the chronicity and complexity of FMS, there are pharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions available that have clinical benefit. Based on current evidence, a stepwise program emphasizing education, certain medications, exercise, cognitive therapy, or all 4 should be recommended.
Referred From: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15547167
Author(s): Caro XJ, Winter EF, Dumas AJ
Author(s): Bednarík J, Kadanka Z
Author(s): Ahmed AR, Dahl MV
Author(s): Gurcan HM, Ahmed AR
Author(s): Katz U, Achiron A, Sherer Y, Shoenfeld Y
Author(s): Orbach H, Katz U, Sherer Y, Shoenfeld Y
Author(s): Ruetter A, Luger TA
Author(s): Brannagan TH 3rd, Nagle KJ, Lange DJ, Rowland LP
Author(s): Chamouni P, Tamion F, Gueit I, Girault C, Lenain P, et al.
Author(s): Wittstock M, Benecke R, Zettl UK
Author(s): Hughes RA, Donofrio P, Bril V, Dalakas MC, Deng C, et al.
Author(s): Brannagan TH 3rd
Author(s): Guptill JT, Bromberg MB, Zhu L, Sharma BK, Thompson AR, et al.
Author(s): Pedrosa RP, Barros IM, Drager LF, Bittencourt MS, Medeiros AK, et al.
Author(s): Russell IJ, Larson AA
Author(s): Jessop DS, Renshaw D, Larsen PJ, Chowdrey HS, Harbuz MS
Author(s): Larsen PJ, Jessop D, Patel H, Lightman SL, Chowdrey HS
Author(s): Donaldson CC, Snelling LS, MacInnis AL, Sella GE, Mueller HH
Author(s): Arnold LM, Rosen A, Pritchett YL, D'Souza DN, Goldstein DJ, et al.
Author(s): Kim L, Lipton S, Deodhar A
Author(s): Moldofsky HK
Author(s): Moldofsky H, Inhaber NH, Guinta DR, Varez-Horine SB
Author(s): Russell IJ, Crofford LJ, Leon T, Cappelleri JC, Bushmakin AG, et al.
Author(s): Rosenfeld VW, Rutledge DN, Stern JM
Author(s): Ahles TA, Khan SA, Yunus MB, Spiegel DA, Masi AT
Author(s): Wolfe F, Smythe HA, Yunus MB, Bennett RM, Bombardier C, et al.
Author(s): Katz RS, Wolfe F, Michaud K
Author(s): Wolfe F, Clauw DJ, Fitzcharles MA, Goldenberg DL, Katz RS, et al.
Author(s): Valencia-Flores M, Cardiel MH, Santiago V, Resendiz M, Castaño VA, et al.
Author(s): Giovengo SL, Russell IJ, Larson AA
Author(s): Wolfe F, Ross K, Anderson J, Russell IJ, Hebert L
Author(s): White KP, Harth M
Author(s): Lawrence RC, Felson DT, Helmick CG, Arnold LM, Choi H, et al.
Author(s): Clark P, Burgos-Vargas R, Medina-Palma C, Lavielle P, Marina FF
Author(s): Carville SF, Choy EH
Author(s): Perrot S, Russell IJ
Author(s): Mease P, Arnold LM, Choy EH, Clauw DJ, Crofford LJ, et al.
Author(s): Mease PJ, Clauw DJ, Christensen R, Crofford LJ, Gendreau RM, et al.
Author(s): Kuwahara M, Suzuki S, Takada K, Kusunoki S
Author(s): Kerasnoudis A, Pitarokoili K, Behrendt V, Gold R, Yoon MS
Author(s): Zhang HL, Zhang XM, Mao XJ, Deng H, Li HF, et al.
Author(s): Eldar AH, Chapman J
Author(s): Dalakas MC; Medscape
Author(s): Boukhris S, Magy L, Khalil M, Sindou P, Vallat JM
Author(s): Westblad ME, Forsberg A, Press R
Author(s): Latov N, Deng C, Dalakas MC, Bril V, Donofrio P, et al.
Author(s): Latov N
Author(s): Joint Task Force of the EFNS and the PNS
Author(s): Hughes R, Bensa S, Willison H, Van den Bergh P, Comi G, et al.
Author(s): Magda P, Latov N, Brannagan TH 3rd, Weimer LH, Chin RL, et al.
Author(s): Thaisetthawatkul P, Logigian EL, Herrmann DN
Author(s): Saperstein DS, Katz JS, Amato AA, Barohn RJ
Author(s): Barohn RJ, Kissel JT, Warmolts JR, Mendell JR
Author(s): Dyck PJ, Lais AC, Ohta M, Bastron JA, Okazaki H, et al.
Author(s): McCrone P, Chisholm D, Knapp M, Hughes R, Comi G, et al.
Author(s): Koski CL, Baumgarten M, Magder LS, Barohn RJ, Goldstein J, et al.
Author(s): Magy L, Mathis S, Vallat JM
Author(s): Rajabally YA, Nicolas G, Piéret F, Bouche P, Van den Bergh PY
Author(s): Rajabally YA, Simpson BS, Beri S, Bankart J, Gosalakkal JA
Author(s): Dalakas MC
Author(s): Ritter C, Förster D, Albrecht P, Hartung HP, Kieseier BC, et al.
Author(s): Bedi G, Brown A, Tong T, Sharma KR
Author(s): Cocito D, Grimaldi S, Paolasso I, Falcone Y, Antonini G, et al.
Author(s): Mahdi-Rogers M, Swan AV, van Doorn PA, Hughes RA
Author(s): Bright RJ, Wilkinson J, Coventry BJ
Author(s): Boukhris S, Magy L, Gallouedec G, Khalil M, Couratier P, et al.
Author(s): Dionne A, Nicolle MW, Hahn AF
Author(s): Viola-Saltzman M, Watson NF, Bogart A, Goldberg J, Buchwald D