Dexamethasone-loaded poly(epsilon-caprolactone)intravitreal implants: a pilot study

Author(s): Fialho SL, Behar-Cohen F,Silva-Cunha A


Purpose: Poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) is a biodegradable and biocompatible polymer that presents a very low degradation rate, making it suitable for the development of long-term drug delivery systems. The objective of this pilot study is to evaluate the feasibility and characteristics of PCL devices in the prolonged and controlled intravitreous release of dexamethasone. Methods: The in vitro release of dexamethasone was investigated and the implant degradation was monitored by the percent of mass loss and by changes in the surface morphology. Differential scanning calorimetry was used to evaluate stability and interaction of the implant and the drug. The short-term tolerance of the implants was studied after intravitreous implantation in rabbit eye. Results: PCL implant allows for a controlled and prolonged delivery of dexamethasone since it releases 25% of the drug in 21 weeks. Its low degradation rate was confirmed by the mass loss and scanning electron microscopy studies. Preliminary observations show that PCL intravitreous implants are very well tolerated in the rabbit eye. Conclusion: This study demonstrates the PCL drug delivery systems allowed to a prolonged release of dexamethasone in vitro. The implants demonstrated a strikingly good intraocular short-term tolerance in rabbits eyes. The in vitro and preliminary in vivo studies tend to show that PCL implants could be of interest when long-term sustained intraocular delivery of corticosteroids is required.

Similar Articles

Drug delivery to the posterior segment of the eye

Author(s): Lee TWY, RobinsonJR

Development andevaluation of prolonged release topical indomethacin formulations for ocularinflammation

Author(s): AdelliGR, Balguri SP, Punyamurthula N, Bhagav P, Majumdar S

Theblood-ocular barriers

Author(s): Cunha-Vaz J

Drug delivery to the retina: challenges and opportunities

Author(s): Duvvuri S,Majumdar S, Mitra AK

Ocularpreparations: the formulation approach

Author(s): Kaur IP, Kanwar M

Evaluation of topical hesperetin matrix filmfor back-of-the-eye delivery

Author(s): Adelli GR, Hingorani T, PunyamurthulaN, Balguri SP, Majumdar S

Ocular inserts - Advancement in therapy of eye diseases

Author(s): Kumari A, Sharma PK, Garg VK,Garg G

Ocular inserts for topical delivery

Author(s): SaettoneFM, Salminen L

Stability of benzocaine formulated in commercialoral disintegrating tablet platforms

Author(s): Köllmer M, Popescu C, Manda P,Zhou L, Gemeinhart RA

New methods of drug delivery

Author(s): Langer R

Iontophoretic drug delivery for the treatment ofscars

Author(s): Manda P, Angamuthu M, HiremathSR, Raman V, Murthy SN

Polysulfone capillary fiber forintraocular drug delivery: in vitro and in vivo evaluations

Author(s): Rahimy MH, PeymanGA, Chin SY, Golshani R, Aras C, et al.

Intravitreal sustained-releaseganciclovir

Author(s): Smith TJ, Pearson PA, BlandfordDL, Brown JD, Goins KA, et al.

Delivery of cefotaxime to the brain viaintranasal administration

Author(s): Manda P, Hargett JK, Kiran Vaka SR,Repka MA, Narasimha Murthy S

Biodegradable Intrascleral Implant for SustainedIntraocular Delivery of Betamethasone Phosphate

Author(s): Okabe J, Kimura H, Kunou N, OkabeK, Kato A, et al.

Delivery of ziconotide to cerebrospinalfluid via intranasal pathway for the treatment of chronic pain

Author(s): Manda P, Kushwaha AS, Kundu S,Shivakumar H, Jo SB, et al.

Episcleral implants for topotecandelivery to the posterior segment of the eye

Author(s): Carcaboso AM, Chiappetta DA,Opezzo JA, Höcht C, Fandiño AC, et al.