Author(s): Butnariu M, Butu A
A lot of insecticides obtained from petroleum by-products, used to reduce level of infestation with weeds and pathogens are derived from aromatic hydrocarbons (petroleum is a mixture of a very large number of different hydrocarbons) or aromatic hydrocarbons reactions with various other substances. These toxic compounds have potential to cause significant damage to disrupt the mechanism for plant growth and development. All these perturbations are really difficult to predict, because, plants have developed truly complex mechanisms and are generally well adapted to a range of environmental challenges. This chapter, after a short review of information about insecticides, examines some findings physiological and biochemical concerning the injuries of chemicals in the mechanisms of plants. Consequently, plants have elaborated specific and coordinated typical defense mechanisms for survival under adverse growing conditions. The biochemical metabolism of plants naturally reconvert to their environmental challenges, will be key to solving those problems.
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