Author(s): Tamrakar AK, Yadav PP, Tiwari P, Maurya R, Srivastava AK
Aim of the study: To identify pongamol and karanjin as lead compounds with antihyperglycemic activity from Pongamia pinnata fruits.
Material and methods: Streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats and hyperglycemic, hyperlipidemic and hyperinsulinemic db/db mice were used to investigate the antihyperglycemic activity of pongamol and karangin isolated from the fruits of Pongamia pinnata.
Results: In streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats, single dose treatment of pongamol and karanjin lowered the blood glucose level by 12.8% (p<0.05) and 11.7% (p<0.05) at 50mg /kg dose and 22.0% (p<0.01) and 20.7% (p<0.01) at 100mg/kg dose, respectively after 6h post-oral administration. The compounds also significantly lowered blood glucose level in db/db mice with percent activity of 35.7 (p<0.01) and 30.6 (p<0.01), respectively at 100mg/kg dose after consecutive treatment for 10 days. The compounds were observed to exert a significant inhibitory effect on enzyme protein tyrosine phosphatase-1B (EC 18.104.22.168).
Conclusion: The results showed that pongamol and karangin isolated from the fruits of Pongamia pinnata possesses significant antihyperglycemic activity in Streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats and type 2 diabetic db/db mice and protein tyrosine phosphatase-1B may be the possible target for their activity.
Referred From: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18572336
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