Author(s): St-Onge MP
Purpose of review: Several body composition changes are known to occur with aging. The purpose of this review is to evaluate recent literature examining body composition changes with aging and how these relate to changes in physical function and metabolic risk.
Recent findings: Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies have observed increases in fat mass and decreases in muscle mass or lean tissue mass in older adults, often in the absence of differences or changes in body weight. Cross-sectional studies have also reported increases in intramyocellular lipid and liver fat in older versus younger adults and related changes in body composition with changes in physical function and metabolic risk, but few longitudinal data are available. Furthermore, most longitudinal studies lack precise methods of assessing body fat distribution and muscle and organ quality, resulting in a lack of detailed and precise information on body composition changes with aging and their relationship to health.
Summary: Research to date has outlined a need for more detailed body composition measurements of aging adults. Absence of change in a total body compartment may mask a change in subcompartments that may impact health. Furthermore, intervention studies to determine ways to maintain body composition are consistent with healthy living throughout the aging process.
Referred From: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16079623
Author(s): Bournat JC, Brown CW
Author(s): Furukawa S, Fujita T, Shimabukuro M, Iwaki M, Yamada Y, et al.
Author(s): Smith AR, Shenvi SV, Widlansky M, Suh JH, Hagen TM
Author(s): Midaoui AE, Elimadi A, Wu L, Haddad PS, de Champlain J
Author(s): Khamaisi M, Potashnik R, Tirosh A, Demshchak E, Rudich A, et al.
Author(s): Konrad T, Vicini P, Kusterer K, Höflich A, Assadkhani A, et al.
Author(s): Prieto-Hontoria PL, Pérez-Matute P, Fernández-Galilea M, Barber A, Martínez JA, et al.
Author(s): Cicchillo RM, Booker SJ
Author(s): Yi X, Maeda N
Author(s): Navarro-Sastre A, Tort F, Stehling O, Uzarska MA, Arranz JA, et al.
Author(s): Mayr JA, Zimmermann FA, Fauth C, Bergheim C, Meierhofer D, et al.
Author(s): Padmalayam I, Hasham S, Saxena U, Pillarisetti S
Author(s): Matthews DR, Hosker JP, Rudenski AS, Naylor BA, Treacher DF, et al.
Author(s): Gulick T, Cresci S, Caira T, Moore DD, Kelly DP
Author(s): Kim JM, Yoon M, Kang I, Kim SS, Ha J
Author(s): Jbilo O, Ravinet-Trillou C, Arnone M, Buisson I, Bribes E
Author(s): Ravinet Trillou C, Arnone M, Delgorge C, Gonalons N, Keane P, et al.
Author(s): Soares AF, Guichardant M, Cozzone D, Bernoud-Hubac N, Bouzaïdi-Tiali N
Author(s): Katsuki A, Suematsu M, Gabazza EC, Murashima S, Nakatani K, et al.
Author(s): Kim MS, Park JY, Namkoong C, Jang PG, Ryu JW, et al.
Author(s): Padmalayam I
Author(s): Cardinal P, Bellocchio L, Clark S, Cannich A, Klugmann M, et al.
Author(s): Addy C, Wright H, Van Laere K, Gantz I, Erondu N, et al.
Author(s): Zhou L, Sutton GM, Rochford JJ, Semple RK, Lam DD, et al.
Author(s): Gehlert DR, Rasmussen K, Shaw J, Li X, Ardayfio P, et al.
Author(s): Li B, Nolte LA, Ju JS, Han DH, Coleman T
Author(s): Church C, Lee S, Bagg EA, McTaggart JS, Deacon R, et al.
Author(s): Faraut B, Giannesini B, Matarazzo V, Le Fur Y, Rougon G, et al
Author(s): Pavón FJ, Serrano A, Pérez-Valero V, Jagerovic N, Hernández-Folgado L, et al.
Author(s): Kelley DE, He J, Menshikova EV, Ritov VB
Author(s): Conley KE, Jubrias SA, Esselman PC
Author(s): Rooyackers OE, Adey DB, Ades PA, Nair KS
Author(s): Chabi B, Ljubicic V, Menzies KJ, Huang JH, Saleem A, et al.
Author(s): Park SW, Goodpaster BH, Lee JS, Kuller LH, Boudreau R, et al.
Author(s): Park SW, Goodpaster BH, Strotmeyer ES, Kuller LH, Broudeau R, et al.
Author(s): Ritov VB, Menshikova EV, Azuma K, Wood R, Toledo FG, et al.
Author(s): Djouadi F, Aubey F, Schlemmer D, Bastin J
Author(s): Poynten AM, Markovic TP, Maclean EL, Furler SM, Freund J, et al.
Author(s): Ginsberg HN