Biological applications of gold nanoparticles

Author(s): Sperling RA, Rivera Gil P, Zhang F, Zanella M, Parak WJ

Abstract

This critical review gives a short overview of the widespread use of gold nanoparticles in biology. We have identified four classes of applications in which gold nanoparticles have been used so far: labelling, delivering, heating, and sensing. For each of these applications the underlying mechanisms and concepts, the specific features of the gold nanoparticles needed for this application, as well as several examples are described (142 references).

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