The forced swimming test as a model for core and component behavioral effects of antidepressant drugs

Author(s): Lucki I


The existence of a number of classes of antidepressant drugs with diverse pharmacological effects would lead one to expect that antidepressant drugs acting through different pharmacological mechanisms should produce different behavioral effects. Animal behavioral tests used to screen antidepressant drugs do not, however, discriminate between drugs that selectively enhance serotonin or norepinephrine transmission. Several components of human depression are differently affected by drugs selectively interacting with either serotonin or norepinephrine transmission. The ideal animal model for detecting antidepressant drug effects should thus be sensitive to all antidepressant drugs and should also display multiple components that are sensitive to specific drug classes. The revised scoring of the forced swimming test corresponds to a behavioral test for antidepressant drugs that meet these criteria.

Similar Articles

Anxiolytic-antidepressant activity of Withaniasomniferaglycowithanolides: an experimental study

Author(s): Bhattacharya SK, Bhattacharya A, Sairam K, Ghosal S

Chronic stress impairs rotarod performance in rats: implications for depressive state

Author(s): Mizoguchi K, Yuzurihara M, Ishige A, Sasaki H, Tabira T

Effects of erythropoietin on depressive symptoms and neurocognitive deficits in depression and bipolar disorder

Author(s): Miskowiak KW, Vinberg M, Harmer CJ, Ehrenreich H, Knudsen GM, et al.

Role of 5-HT in stress, anxiety, and depression

Author(s): Graeff FG, Guimarães FS, De Andrade TG, Deakin JF