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On the parameters influencing air-water gas exchange

Author(s): Jähne B, Munnich KO, Bosinger R, Dutzi A, Huber W, et al.

Abstract

Detailed gas exchange measurements from two circular and one linear wind/wave tunnels are presented. Heat, He, CH4, CO2, Kr, and Xe have been used as tracers. The experiments show the central importance of waves for the water-side transfer process. With the onset of waves the Schmidt number dependence of the transfer velocity k changes from k ∝ Sc−⅔ to k ∝ Sc−½indicating a change in the boundary conditions at the surface. Moreover, energy put into the wave field by wind is transferred to near-surface turbulence enhancing gas transfer. The data show that the mean square slope of the waves is the best parameter to characterize the free wavy surface with respect to water-side transfer processes.

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