Recommended Conferences

International Conference on Climate Change Global Warming

Berlin, Germany
Related Subjects
 

Stress and immune responses in abalone: limitations in current knowledge and investigative methods based on other models

Author(s): Hooper C, Day R, Slocombe R, Handlinger J, Benkendorff K

Abstract

Increasing mariculture of abalone focuses attention on their immune and stress responses. For abalone, as well as many invertebrates, the function and relationship of these systems and how in vitro tests relate to them are not fully understood. This review focuses on research into the immune system and stress response conducted on abalone and on aspects that can be monitored in vitro. To fill the considerable knowledge gaps, we discuss work on other invertebrate taxa, concentrating on those closest to abalone, and making explicit the phylogenetic relations involved. The stress response appears to be very similar to that in vertebrates, but interpreting most immune responses remains problematic. Phylogeny must be considered: immune function tests derived from research into vertebrates or distantly related invertebrates should not be used in abalone until they have been validated in abalone by studies of susceptibility to pathogens. We suggest phagocytic activity of haemocytes and their efficiency in clearing bacteria are reliable parameters to measure, because they have been directly related to immune competency and are consistently depressed by stress. Carefully designed assays of antimicrobial activity may also be useful. Important aims of future research will be to investigate the relationship between growth, stress and robust immunity, and to develop tests that can be run on production animals, which accurately depict immune status.

Similar Articles

Molluscs in biological monitoring of water quality

Author(s): Salánki J, Farkas A, Kamardina T, Rózsa KS

Metal Contamination in Aquatic Environments

Author(s): Luoma SN, Rainbow PS

Molluscs as multidisciplinary models in environmental toxicology

Author(s): Rittschof D, McClellan-Green P

Response of Mytilus galloprovincialis (L

Author(s): Anestis A, Pörtner HO, Karagiannis D, Angelidis P, Staikou A, et al.

Integrated use of biomarkers (superoxide dismutase, catalase and lipid peroxidation)

Author(s): Vlahogianni TM, Dassenakis M, Scoullos J, Valavanidis A

Monitoring the biochemical and cellular responses of marine bivalves during thermal stress by using biomarkers

Author(s): Dimitriadis VK, Gougoula C, Anestis A, Pörtner HO, Michaelidis B

Biomarker responses of mussels exposed to earthquake disturbances

Author(s): Chandurvelan R, Marsden ID, Glover CN, Gaw S

Aquat Toxicol 142-143: 283-293

Author(s): Chandurvelan R, Marsden ID, Gaw S, Glover CN (2013 b) Waterborne cadmium impacts immunocytotoxic and cytogenotoxic endpoints in green-lipped mussel, Perna canaliculus

Metals, toxicity and oxidative stress

Author(s): Valko M, Morris H, Cronin MTD

Spatial and temporary trends on contaminants in mussel sampled around the Icelandic coastline

Author(s): Sturludottir E, Gunnlaugsdottir H, Jorundsdottir HO, Magnusdottir EV, Olafsdottir K, et al.

Glutathione peroxidase and catalase modulate the genotoxicity of arsenic

Author(s): Wang TS, Shu YF, Liu YC, Jan KY, Huang H

Heavy metals and glutathione metabolism in mussel tissues

Author(s): Canesi L, Viarengo A, Leonzio C, Filippelli M, Gallo G