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Titanium dioxide nanoparticles alters routine metabolism and causes histopathological alterations in Oreochromis niloticus

Author(s): Rezende KF, Bergami E, Alves KVB, Corsi I, Barbieri E

Abstract

Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles (TiO2NPs) could cause alterations in exposed aquatic species, in terms of oxygen consumption, ammonia excretion and tissues functionality therefore, the aim of the present study is to evaluate the effects of acute exposure to different concentrations of TiO2NPs (0.1, 0.5, 1.0 and 2.5 mgL-1) on routine metabolism (oxygen consumption and ammonia excretion) and histological parameters (branchial and hepatic) in Oreochromis niloticus. After 24 hours, we observed an increase in oxygen consumption of 2.36 and 3.23 times in groups exposed to 1.0 and 2.5 mgL-1 of TiO2 NPs respectively, as well as an increase in ammonia excretion of 3.54, 4.0 and 4.82 times higher in groups exposed to 0.5, 1.0 and 2.5 mgL-1 of TiO2 NPs respectively, compared to the control group. Histological analysis showed, after 72 hours, moderate to severe alterations in both gills and liver of TiO2 exposed fish at concentrations 1.0 and 2.5 mgL-1, the severity and occurrence of the alteration observed was grade 3 (severe and extensive pathological alterations). We concluded that waterborne exposure of Nile tilapia to TiO2 NPs caused alteration in routine metabolism and histological parameters in a dose-dependent manner.(AU)

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