Characterization of Lr34, a major gene conferring non-hypersensitive resistance to wheat leaf rust

Author(s): Rubiales D, Niks RE


Wheat leaf rust resistance gene Lr34 is claimed to contribute to durability of resistance in wheat cultivars in combination with other genes for resistance. We compared the effect of Lr34 with that of Lrl2 and Lr13 (all in Thatcher background) and with the partial resistance of Akabozu and BH1146. Seedlings of all lines displayed a compatible infection type. Lr34 increased latency period and decreased infection frequency, especially at low temperature. The gene caused a small but significant increase in early abortion of sporelings. The number of haustoria per sporeling 42 h after inoculation was reduced significantly, but this was not associated with papilla formation. In adult plants the effect of Lr34 was much clearer. In the flag leaf Lr34 decreased infection frequency and increased latency period. Many infection units did not develop further than the stage in which they caused pale (nonhypersensitive) flecks. Also at the microscopic level we found no increased hypersensilivity due to Lr34. Lr34 shared features both with Lrl3 and with the genes for partial resistance in Akabozu and BH1146. The main difference with Lr13 was the association of the latter with chlorosis at the macroscopic level and cell necrosis al the microscopic level. Lr34 and the partial resistance in Akabozu and BHI146 are based on reduced rates of haustorium formation in the early stages of infection, in association with no or relatively little plant cell necrosis. However, the reduction of haustorium formation in Thatcher-Lr34 appeared to be due to a low rate of intercellular hyphal development and not to papilla formation as in Akabozu and BHI 146. We argue that Lr34 should be considered a major gene conferring partial resistance sensu Parlevliet.

Similar Articles

Wheat rust in Asia: meeting the challenges with old and new technologies

Author(s): Singh RP, William HM, Huerta-Espino J, Rosewarne G

Mapping Yr28 and other genes for resistance to stripe rust in wheat

Author(s): Singh RP, Nelson JC, Sorrells ME

Impact of stripe rust on kernel weight of wheat varieties sown in rainfed areas of Pakistan

Author(s): Afzal SN, Haque, MI, Ahmedani MS, Bashir S, Rattu AR


Author(s): Flor, H

Evaluation of slow rusting resistance components to leaf rust in CIMMYT durum wheats

Author(s): Herrera-Foessel SA, Singh RP, Huerta-Espino J, Crossa J, Djurle AJ, et al.

Leaf tip necrosis, molecular markers and b1-proteasome subunits associated with the slow rusting resistance genes Lr46/Yr29

Author(s): Rosewarne GM, Singh RP, Huerta-Espino, J, William HM, Bouchet S, et al.

A putative ABC transporter confers durable resistance to multiple fungal pathogens in wheat

Author(s): Krattinger SG, Lagudah ES, Spielmeyer W, Singh RP, Huerta-Espino J, et al.

Quantitative trait loci mapping for adult-plant resistance to powdery mildew in bread wheat

Author(s): Liang SS, Suenaga K, He ZH, Wang ZL, Liu HY, et al.

A diagrammatic scale for rust intensity on leaves and stems of cereals

Author(s): Peterson, RF, Campbell AB, Hannah AE