Recommended Conferences

Psychology and Mental Health

Chicago, USA
Related Subjects
 

An interpersonal analysis of adult attachment style: Circumplex descriptions, recoiled developmental experiences, self-representations and interpersonal functioning in adulthood

Author(s): Gallo LC, Smith TW, Ruiz JM

Abstract

Previous research suggests that the structure of adult attachment is dimensional, but the specific dimensions remain unclear. Given its relational nature, studies should examine attachment structure in association with conceptually related interpersonal constructs. The interpersonal model (Kiesler, 1996) provides an integrative framework to examine this structure and associations between dimensions of attachment security (i.e., Anxiety and Avoidance) and: 1) the dimensions of the interpersonal circumplex, 2) the five-factor model of personality, 3) recollections of mothers and fathers, and 4) current self-processes and adult social functioning. In two samples of undergraduates, the Anxiety and Avoidance dimensions were associated with a hostile-submissive interpersonal style. Canonical correlation analyses revealed that dimensions representing combinations of Anxiety and Avoidance, and roughly corresponding to the dimensions from Secure (i.e., low Anxiety and Avoidance) to Fearful (i.e., high Anxiety and Avoidance) attachment and from Preoccupied (i.e., high Anxiety and low Avoidance) to Dismissive (i.e., low Anxiety and high Avoidance) attachment related to the interpersonal constructs. The Secure to Fearful dimension (i.e., overall attachment security) seemed to share relatively more variance with the interpersonal constructs. These dimensions were associated with theoretically consistent characteristics, recollections of early experiences with parents, self-representations, and social functioning.

Similar Articles

Attachment and loss

Author(s): Bowlby J

Adult attachment measures: A 25 year review

Author(s): Ravitz P, Maunder R, Hunter J, Sthankiya B, Lancee WJ

Adult attachment patterns

Author(s): Fraley RC, Waller NG

Adult attachment: What are the underlying dimensions? Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice 75: 77-91

Author(s): Stein H, Koontz D, Fonagy P, Allen JG, Fultz J, Brethour JR, Allen D, Evans RB

Interpersonal problems of people who describe themselves as lonely

Author(s): Horowitz LM, de Sales French R

Inventory of interpersonal problems: Psychometric properties and clinical applications

Author(s): Horowitz LM, Rosenberg SE, Baer B, Ureño G, Villaseñor VS

The circumplex structure of interpersonal problems

Author(s): Horowitz LM, Dryer DC, Krasnoperova EN

Attachment, caregiving and volunteering: Placing volunteerism in an attachment-theoretical framework

Author(s): Gillath O, Shaver PR, Mikulincer M, Nitzberg RE, Erez A, van Jzendoorn MH

Metaphysics of measurement: The case of adult attachment

Author(s): Griffin DW, Bartholomew K

Psychosocial correlates of depressive rumination

Author(s): Pearson K, Watkins ER, Mullan EG, Moberly NJ

Working models of attachment: Implications for explanation, emotion and behavior

Author(s): Collins NL, Read S, Miller N, Duval S, Walsh D