Author(s): AJAM Van Deursen, Bolle CL, Hegner SM, Kommers PAM
The present study investigates the role of process and social oriented smartphone usage, emotional intelligence, social stress, self-regulation, gender, and age in relation to habitual and addictive smartphone behavior. We conducted an online survey among 386 respondents. The results revealed that habitual smartphone use is an important contributor to addictive smartphone behavior. Process related smartphone use is a strong determinant for both developing habitual and addictive smartphone behavior. People who extensively use their smartphones for social purposes develop smartphone habits faster, which in turn might lead to addictive smartphone behavior. We did not find an influence of emotional intelligence on habitual or addictive smartphone behavior, while social stress positively influences addictive smartphone behavior, and a failure of self-regulation seems to cause a higher risk of addictive smartphone behavior. Finally, men experience less social stress than women, and use their smartphones less for social purposes. The result is that women have a higher chance in developing habitual or addictive smartphone behavior. Age negatively affects process and social usage, and social stress. There is a positive effect on self-regulation. Older people are therefore less likely to develop habitual or addictive smartphone behaviors.
Author(s): Davey S, Davey A
Author(s): Pedrero Pérez EJ, Rodríguez Monje MT, Ruiz Sánchez De León JM
Author(s): Roberts JA, Yaya LH, Manolis C
Author(s): Palm P, Risberg EH, Mortimer M, Palmerud G, Toomingas A, et al.
Author(s): Tetsuo Harada DS, Mami Morikuni BE, Sato Yoshii BE, Yasuhiro Yamashita BA, Hitomi Takeuchi ME
Author(s): Logaraj M, Madhupriya V, Hegde SK