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Pathways to the development of borderline personality disorder

Author(s): Zanarini MC, Frankenburg FR

Abstract

The available empirical evidence concerning the etiology of borderline personality disorder is reviewed. A tripartite model of the development of BPD is then presented. This model has three elements: a traumatic childhood (broadly defined) a vulnerable (hyperbolic) temperament, and a triggering event or senes of events. The authors conclude that each borderline patient has a unique pathway to the development of BPD that is a painful variation on an unfortunate but familar theme.

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