Recommended Conferences

2nd International Conference on Clinical Psychiatry

Miami, USA

Neuroscience Psychiatry

Dubai, UAE

Psychology and Mental Health

Chicago, USA
Related Subjects
 

Polydrug use among club-going young adults recruited through time-space sampling

Author(s): Grov C, Kelly BC, Parsons JT

Abstract

The Club Drugs and Health Project was supported by a grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (R01-DA014925–02, Jeffrey T. Parsons, Principal Investigator). Christian Grov was supported as a postdoctoral fellow in the Behavioral Sciences training in drug abuse research program sponsored by Public Health Solutions and the National Development and Research Institutes, Inc. (NDRI) with funding from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (T32 DA07233). The authors recognize the contributions of the Club Drug and Health Project team—Michael Adams, Virginia Andersen, Anthony Bamonte, Jessica Colon, Armando Fuentes, Sarit A. Golub, Chris Hietikko, Eda Inan, Juline Koken, Jose E. Nanin, Anthony Surace, Julia Tomassilli, Jon Weiser, Brooke E. Wells, and the recruitment team. An earlier version of this paper was presented at the 2008 meeting of the College on Problems of Drug Dependence (CPDD).

Though some researchers have indicated club drug users are more likely to be polydrug users, there remains little known about the prevalence and specific combinations of the substances they use. Between 2004 and 2006, and using time-space sampling, a stratified sample of 400, 18–29-year-old New York City club-going, drug-using young adults were recruited into the Club Drugs and Health Project. Most participants (91.7%) had engaged in polydrug usage and 1,670 combinations of drugs were reported. Ecstasy (86.6% of users) and cocaine (85.7% of users) were the two most-frequently reported club drugs used in combination with other substances. In terms of poly-club drug combinations, ecstasy appeared to be the “universal compliment” as this drug was most often cited in combinations with other club drugs (specifically ecstasy + ketamine, ecstasy + cocaine, ecstasy + gamma hydroxybutyrate or GHB). Other frequently cited drug combinations included cocaine and marijuana, ecstasy and marijuana, LSD and marijuana, and cocaine and alcohol. These data highlight the need to develop drug health-education and prevention messages targeted at polydrug usage.

Similar Articles

A role for cannabinoid CB1 receptors in mood and anxiety disorders

Author(s): Witkin JM, Tzavara ET, Nomikos GG

Adverse health effects of non-medical cannabis use

Author(s): Hall W, Degenhardt L

Parietal lobe volume deficits in adolescents with schizophrenia and adolescents with cannabis use disorders

Author(s): Kumra S, Robinson P, Tambyraja R, Jensen D, Schimunek C, et al.

Daily use, especially of high-potency cannabis, drives the earlier onset of psychosis in cannabis users

Author(s): Di Forti M, Sallis H, Allegri F, Trotta A, Ferraro L, et al.

Prevalence and intensity of basic symptoms among cannabis users: An observational study

Author(s): Martinotti G, Di Iorio G, Tedeschi D, De Berardis D, Niolu C, et al.

Rates of psychiatric comorbidity among U

Author(s): Agosti V, Nunes E, Levin F

Cannabis use and depression: a longitudinal study of a national cohort of Swedish conscripts

Author(s): Manrique-Garcia E, Zammit S, Dalman C, Hemmingsson T, Allebeck P

Escalation of drug use in early-onset cannabis users vs

Author(s): Lynskey MT, Heath AC, Bucholz KK, Slutske WS, Madden PA, et al.

A co twin-control analysis of drug use and abuse/dependence risk associated with early-onset cannabis use

Author(s): Grant JD, Lynskey MT, Scherrer JF, Agrawal A, Heath AC, et al.

Cannabis use and risk of psychotic or affective mental health outcomes: A systematic review

Author(s): Moore THN, Zammit S, Lingford-Hughes A, Barnes TRE, Jones PB

Genetic predisposition to schizophrenia associated with increased use of cannabis

Author(s): Power RA, Verweij KJH, Zuhair M, Montgomery GW, Henders AK, et al.

The association between cannabis use and depression: A systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studies

Author(s): Lev-Ran S, Roerecke M, Le Foll B, George TP, McKenzie K, et al.

Major depression: The relative contribution of gender, MDMA and cannabis use

Author(s): Durdle H, Lundahl LH, Johanson CE, Tancer M

Relief-oriented use of marijuana by teens

Author(s): Bottorff JL1, Johnson JL, Moffat BM, Mulvogue T

Motives for drug use among light and heavy users

Author(s): Nail RL, Gunderson EK, Kolb D

Risk factors predicting changes in marijuana involvement in teenagers

Author(s): Van den Bree, Marianne BM, Wallace BP

Affect dysregulation in cannabis abusers: A study in adolescents and young adults

Author(s): Dorard G, Berthoz S, Phan O, Corcos M, Bungener C

Adolescent depression and risk factors

Author(s): Field T, Diego M, Sanders C

Cannabis, motivation and life satisfaction in an internet sample

Author(s): Barnwell SS, Earleywine M, Wilcox R

Sequencing of substance use and affective morbidity in 166 first episode bipolar I disorder patients

Author(s): Baethge C, Hennen J, Khalsa HM, Salvatore P, Tohen M, et al.

Adverse health effects of marijuana use

Author(s): Volkow ND, Baler RD, Compton WM, Weiss SR