Recommended Conferences

Psychology and Mental Health

Chicago, USA
Related Subjects
 

Relationship of smartphone use severity with sleep quality, depression, and anxiety in university students

Author(s): Demirci K, Akgonul M, Akpinar A

Abstract

Background and aims: The usage of smartphones has increased rapidly in recent years, and this has brought about addiction. The aim of the current study was to investigate the relationship between smartphone use severity and sleep quality, depression, and anxiety in university students. Methods: In total, 319 university students (203 females and 116 males; mean age = 20.5 ± 2.45) were included in the study. Participants were divided into the following three groups: a smartphone non-user group (n = 71, 22.3%), a low smartphone use group (n = 121, 37.9%), and a high smartphone use group (n = 127, 39.8%). All participants were evaluated using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Beck Depres- sion Inventory, Beck Anxiety Inventory; moreover, participants other than those in the smartphone non-user group were also assessed with the Smartphone Addiction Scale. Results: The findings revealed that the Smartphone Addic- tion Scale scores of females were significantly higher than those of males. Depression, anxiety, and daytime dysfunc- tion scores were higher in the high smartphone use group than in the low smartphone use group. Positive correlations were found between the Smartphone Addiction Scale scores and depression levels, anxiety levels, and some sleep quality scores. Conclusion: The results indicate that depression, anxiety, and sleep quality may be associated with smartphone overuse. Such overuse may lead to depression and/or anxiety, which can in turn result in sleep problems. University students with high depression and anxiety scores should be carefully monitored for smartphone addiction.

Similar Articles

Determinants of phubbing, which is the sum of many virtual addictions: A structural equation model

Author(s): Karadag E, Tosuntas SB, Erzen E, Duru P, Bostan N, et al.

Smartphone usage in the 21st century: Who is active on WhatsApp? BMC Res Notes 8: 331

Author(s): Montag C, Błaszkiewicz K, Sariyska R, Lachmann B, Andone I, Trendafilov B, Eibes M Markowetz A

Aided distance visual acuity and refractive error changes by using smartphone

Author(s): Bong-Hwan K, Sun-Hee H, Yong-Keol S, Da-Yeong K, Jin-Yong P, et al.

Effects of smartphone overuse on hand function, pinch strength and the median nerve

Author(s): Inal EE, Demirci K, Cetinturk A, Akgonul M, Savas S

The effects of smartphone use on upper extremity muscle activity and pain threshold

Author(s): Lee M, Hong Y, Lee S, Won J, Yang J, Park S, Chang KT, Hong Y