Recommended Conferences

2nd International Conference on Clinical Psychiatry

Miami, USA

Neuroscience Psychiatry

Dubai, UAE

Psychology and Mental Health

Chicago, USA
Related Subjects
 

Shame, guilt, and posttraumatic stress disorder in adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse at risk for human immunodeficiency virus: outcomes of a randomized clinical trial of group psychotherapy treatment

Author(s): Ginzburg K, Butler LD, Giese-Davis J, Cavanaugh CE, Neri E, Cheryl K, Catherine C, David S

Abstract

This study evaluated the effectiveness of group psychotherapy in reducing levels of shame and guilt in adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse at risk for HIV, and whether such reductions would mediate the effects of treatment on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. One hundred sixty-six women were randomized into 3 conditions: a trauma-focused group, a present-focused group, and a waitlist group. Women received 6 months of treatment and were assessed at pretreatment (T1), immediately posttreatment (T2), and 6 months posttreatment (T3). Both treatment conditions resulted in reduced shame and guilt. The treatment effect on PTSD symptoms was mediated by changes in shame, but it was not associated with changes in guilt. These findings suggest that, when treating childhood sexual abuse survivors’ PTSD, it is important to address the negative self-appraisals, such as shame, that commonly accompany such symptoms.

Similar Articles

The Group Selection Questionnaire: A Qualitative Anlysis of Potential Group Members

Author(s): Kroegel J, Beecher ME, Presnell J, Burlingame G, Simonsen C

A study of group dropouts

Author(s): Yalom ID

Using the CORE-R battery in group psychotherapy

Author(s): Strauss B, Burlingame GM, Bormann B

Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders

Author(s): American Psychiatric Association

Posttraumatic stress disorder in the National Comorbidity Survey

Author(s): Kessler RC, Sonnega A, Bromet E, Hughes M, Nelson CB

Current and lifetime psychiatric disorders among veterans with war zone-related posttraumatic stress disorder

Author(s): Orsillo SM, Weathers FW, Litz BT, Steinberg HR, Huska JA, Terence K

Group work with female survivors of childhood sexual abuse

Author(s): Harper K, Richter NL, Gorey KM

A review of dissociative diorders treatment studies

Author(s): Brand LB, Classen CC, McNary SW, Zaveri P

A critical evaluation of the complex PTSD literature: implications for DSM-5

Author(s): Resick PA, Bovin MJ, Calloway AL, Dick AM, King MW, Mitchell KS, Suvak MK, Wells SY, Stirman SW, Wolf EJ

Trauma-related disorders in patients with borderline personality disorders

Author(s): Sack M, Sachsse U, Overkamp B, Dulz B

Do patients drop out prematurely from exposure therapy for PTSD? J Traumatic Stress 16: 555-562

Author(s): Hembree EA, Foa EB, Dorfan NM, Street GP, Kowalski J, Tu X

Can we study (treat) borderline patients? Attrition from research and open treatment

Author(s): Kelly T, Soloff PH, Cornelius J, George A, Lis JA, Ulrich R

Development of a Criteria Set and a Structured Interview for Disorders of Extreme Stress (SIDES)

Author(s): Pelcovitz D, van der Kolk B, Roth S, Mandel F, Kaplan S, Resick P

The Group Readiness Questionnaire Manual

Author(s): Burlingame G, Davies D, Cox D, Baker E, Pearson M, et al.

The group selection questionnaire: Further refinements in group member selection

Author(s): Burlingame GM, Layne CM, Cox JC, Davies R, Gleave R

A comparison of trauma-focused and present-focused group therapy for survivors of childhood sexual abuse

Author(s): Classen CC, Cavanough CE, Kaupp JW, Aggarwal R, Palesh OG, Cheryl K, Helena KC, David S

psychological mindedness, work, and outcome in day treatment

Author(s): Piper WE, Joyce AS, Rosie JS, Azim HFA

Antidepressant medications v

Author(s): Fournier JC, DeRubeis RJ, Shelton RC, Gallop R, Amsterdam JD, Hollon SD

Early discontinuance of borderline patients from psychotherapy

Author(s): Gunderson JG, Frank AF, Ronningstam EF, Wachter S, Lynch VJ, PAMELA WJ