Characterization of adipose tissue-derived cells isolated with the Celution system

Author(s): Lin K, Matsubara Y, Masuda Y, Togashi K, Ohno T, et al.

Abstract

Background: The therapeutic potential of using stem cells is tremendous. Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) have now been isolated in various tissues including bone marrow (BM), muscle, skin and adipose tissue. Among them, adipose tissue could be one of the most suitable cell sources for cell therapy, because of its easy accessibility, minimal morbidity and abundance of stem cells. The large numbers of stem cells in adipose tissue means that clinically relevant stem cell numbers could be extracted from the tissue, potentially eliminating the need for in vitro expansion. To utilize these characteristics of adipose tissue fully, Cytori Therapeutics Inc. has developed a closed system called Celution to isolate and concentrate stem cells and regenerative cells automatically from adipose tissue.

Methods: Adipose tissue-derived cells were isolated using the Celution system. The output from the Celution was characterized using multicolor FACS analysis with CD31, CD34, CD45, CD90, CD105 and CD146. The multidifferentiation potential of the cells was analyzed using adipogenic and osteogenic media.

Results: Our results showed that cells from the Celution are composed of heterogeneous cell populations including adipose-derived stem cells (ASC) (CD31- CD34+ CD45- CD90+ CD105- CD146-), endothelial (progenitor) cells (CD31+ CD34+ CD45- CD90+ CD105- CD146+) and vascular smooth muscle cells (CD31- CD34+ CD45- CD90+ CD105- CD146+). We also confirmed the output contains cells able to differentiate into adipogenic and osteogenic phenotypes. Our results show that cells isolated with the Celution and manually are equivalent.

Discussion: Cells from adipose tissue can be processed by Celution within the time frame of a single surgical procedure. This system could provide a 'real-time' treatment setting that is cost-effective and safe.

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