Author(s): Zagoura DS, Roubelakis MG, Bitsika V, Trohatou O, Pappa KI, et al.
Background: There is increasing interest in the therapeutic potential of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs), especially in diseases such as acute hepatic failure (AHF) that are predominantly caused by a variety of drugs and viruses. In previous studies, a distinct population termed human spindle-shaped MSCs were isolated and expanded from second trimester amniotic fluid (AF-MSCs) and characterised based on their phenotype, pluripotency and differentiation potential.
Methods: AF-MSCs, hepatic progenitor-like (HPL) cells and hepatocyte-like (HL) cells derived from AF-MSCs were transplanted into CCl₄-injured NOD/SCID mice with the AHF phenotype in order to evaluate their therapeutic potential. Conditioned medium (CM) derived from AF-MSCs or HPL cells was then delivered intrahepatically in order to determine whether the engraftment of the cells or their secreted molecules are the most important agents for liver repair.
Results: Both HPL cells and AF-MSCs were incorporated into CCl(4)-injured livers; HPL cell transplantation had a greater therapeutic effect. In contrast, HL cells failed to engraft and contribute to recovery. In addition, HPL-CM was found to be more efficient than CM derived from AF-MSCs in treatment of the liver. Proteome profile analysis of HPL-CM indicated the presence of anti-inflammatory factors such as interleukins IL-10, IL-1ra, IL-13 and IL-27 which may induce liver recovery. Blocking studies of IL-10 secretion from HPL cells confirmed the therapeutic significance of this cytokine in the AHF mouse model.
Conclusions: Human spindle-shaped AF-MSCs or HPL cells might be valuable tools to induce liver repair and support liver function by cell transplantation. More importantly, the factors they release may also play an important role in cell treatment in diseases of the liver.
Referred From: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21997562
Author(s): Wynn TA, Ramalingam TR
Author(s): Sabry MM, Elkalawy SAE, Abo-Elnour RKE, Abd-El-Maksod DF
Author(s): Leung VYL, Aladin DMK, Lv F, Tam V, Sun Y, et al.
Author(s): Qi Y, Jiang D, Sindrilaru A, Stegemann A, Schatz S, et al.
Author(s): Kishore R, Verma SK, Mackie AR, Vaughan EE, Abramova TV, et al.
Author(s): Mias C, Lairez O, Trouche E, Roncalli J, Calise D, et al.
Author(s): Hemphill C, Stavoe K, Khalpey Z
Author(s): Zhang DG, Jiang MY, Miao DS
Author(s): Fujimoto KL, Miki T, Liu LJ, Hashizume R, Strom SC, et al.
Author(s): Sedrakyan S, Da Sacco S, Milanesi A, Shiri L, Petrosyan A, et al.
Author(s): Garcia O, Carraro G, Turcatel G, Hall M, Sedrakyan S, et al.
Author(s): Sun D, Bu L, Liu C, Yin Z, Zhou X, et al.
Author(s): Wen ST, Chen W, Chen HL, Lai CW, Yen CC, et al.
Author(s): Baulier E, Favreau F, Le Corf A, Jayle C, Schneider F, et al.
Author(s): Lee WY, Wei HJ, Lin WW, Yeh YC, Hwang SM, et al.
Author(s): Grisafi D, Pozzobon M, Dedja A, Vanzo V, Tomanin R, et al.
Author(s): Moodley Y, Atienza D, Manuelpillai U, Samuel CS, Tchongue J, et al.
Author(s): Cargnoni A, Piccinelli EC, Ressel L, Rossi D, Magatti M, et al.
Author(s): Cargnoni A, Ressel L, Rossi D, Poli A, Arienti D, et al.
Author(s): Wynn TA
Author(s): Klingberg F, Hinz B, White ES
Author(s): Yoon BS, Moon JH, Jun EK, Kim J, Maeng I, et al.
Author(s): Vosdoganes P, Wallace EM, Chan ST, Acharya R, Moss TJM, et al.
Author(s): Hodge A, Lourensz D, Vaghjiani V, Nguyen H, Tchongue J, et al.
Author(s): Jun EK, Zhang Q, Yoon BS, Moon JH, Lee G, et al.
Author(s): Fong CY, Tam K, Cheyyatraivendran S, Gan SU, Gauthaman K, et al.
Author(s): Arno AI, Amini-Nik S, Blit PH, Al-Shebab M, Belo C, et al.
Author(s): Jeon YK, Jang YH, Yoo DR, Kim SN, Lee SK, et al.
Author(s): Kim WS, Park BS, Sung JH, Yang JM, Park SB, et al.
Author(s): Jung H, Kim HH, Lee DH, Hwang YS, Yang HC, et al.
Author(s): Ding J, Ma Z, Shankowsky HA, Medina A, Tredget EE
Author(s): Lee SH, Jin SY, Song JS, Seo KK, Cho KH
Author(s): Onishi S, Sumiyoshi H, Kitamura S, Nagaya N
Author(s): Salazar KD, Lankford SM, Brody AR
Author(s): Cho JW, Kang MC, Lee KS
Author(s): Leung A, Crombleholme TM, Keswani SG
Author(s): Hu MS, Rennert RC, McArdle A, Chung MT, Walmsley GG, et al.
Author(s): Hosper NA, Bank RA, van den Berg PP
Author(s): Przybyt E,Krenning G, Brinker MGL, Harmsen MC
Author(s): Masum MM, Boersema M, Bank RA
Author(s): Skardal A, Mack D, Kapetanovic E, Atala A, Jackson JD, et al.
Author(s): Shi HX, Lin C, Lin BB, Wang ZG, Zhang HY, et al.
Author(s): Kinoshita T, Ishikawa Y, Arita M, Akishima-Fukasawa Y, Fujita K, et al.
Author(s): Desai VD, Hsia HC, Schwatzbauer JE
Author(s): Murad S, Grove D, Lindberg KA, Reynolds G, Sivarajah A, et al.
Author(s): Pinnell SR
Author(s): Tsutsumi K, Fujikawa H, Kaijkawa T, Takedachi M, Yamamoto T, et al.
Author(s): Myllyharju J
Author(s): Ananthanarayanan VS
Author(s): Li Y, Schellhorn HE
Author(s): van der Slot AJ, Zuurmond A, Bardoel AFJ, Wijmenga C, Pruijs HEH, et al.
Author(s): Pornprasertsuk S, Duarte WR, Mochida Y, Yamauchi M
Author(s): van der Slot AJ, van Dura EA, Attema J, Blauw B, DeGroot J, et al.
Author(s): Mast BA, Diegelmann RF, Krummel TM, Cohen IK
Author(s): Longaker MT, Whitby DJ, Ferguson MWJ, Lorenz HP, Harrison MR, et al.