Management of combined vascular malformations

Author(s): Kulungowski AM, SJ Fishman


Like single-channel-type vascular malformations, combined lesions are categorized as slow-flow and fast-flow lesions. Many of the combined vascular malformations are associated with soft tissue and skeletal hypertrophy. This article discusses the diagnosis, management, and treatment of patients with capillary lymphaticovenous malformation, capillary-arteriovenous malformation, and capillary-arteriovenous fistulas and congenital lipomatous overgrowth, vascular malformations, epidermal nevi, and skeletal anomalies syndrome.

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