Antioxidant activity of methanolic extract of emblica fruit (PhyllanthusemblicaL

Author(s): Liu X, Zhao M, Wang J, Yang B, Jiang Y


The phenolic contents of methanolic extracts of emblica (Phyllanthus emblica L.) fruit from six regions in China were measured in this work. The antioxidant activities of these extracts were also evaluated. Total phenolic content was ranged from 81.5 to 120.9 mg gallic acid equivalents (GAE)/g and the flavonoid content was varied from 20.3 to 38.7 mg quecetin equivalents (QE)/g, while proanthocyanidin content was ranged from 3.7 to 18.7 mg catechin equivalents (CE)/g. Among all the methanolic extracts analyzed, the Huizhou sample exhibited a significantly higher phenolic content than other samples (P<0.05). The antioxidant activities were evaluated by in vitro experiments using scavenging assays of 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radicals, hydroxyl radicals, and superoxide anion radicals, chelating ability of ferrous ion, reducing power, and inhibition capability of Fe (II)-induced lipid peroxidation, respectively. The Huizhou sample was found to have the strongest antioxidant activities in scavenging DPPH radicals, superoxide anion radicals, and had the highest reducing power, while the Chuxiong sample showed the best performance in chelating iron and inhibiting lipid peroxidation. Furthermore, the Chuxiong sample exhibited a stronger inhibition activity of the hydroxyl radicals compared with other samples. The high correlation coefficient was existed between the phenolic content and superoxide anion radical scavenging activity, but no significant correlation was found between the former and hydroxyl radical scavenging activity. Methanolic extracts of emblica fruit from some selected regions exhibited stronger antioxidant activities compared to those of the commercial compounds (quercetin and BHA). It might be considered as a potential plant source of antioxidants.

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