Author(s): Daugsch A, Moraes CS, Fort P, Park YK
Propolis contains resinous substances collected by honey bees from various plant sources and has been used as a traditional folk medicine since ca 300 BC. Nowadays, the use of evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is increasing rapidly and so is the use of propolis in order to treat or support the treatment of various diseases. Much attention has been focused on propolis from Populus sp. (Salicaceae) and Baccharis dracunculifolia (Asteracea), but scientific information about the numerous other types of propolis is still sparse. We gathered six samples of red propolis in five states of Northeastern Brazil. The beehives were located near woody perennial shrubs along the sea and river shores. The bees were observed to collect red resinous exudates on Dalbergia ecastophyllum (L) Taub. (Leguminosae) to make propolis. The flavonoids of propolis and red resinous exudates were investigated using reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography and reversed-phase high-performance thin-layer chromatography. We conclude that the botanical origin of the reddish propolis is D. ecastophyllum. In areas where this source (D. ecastophyllum) was scarce or missing, bees were collecting resinous material from other plants. Propolis, which contained the chemical constituents from the main botanical origin, showed higher antimicrobial activity.
Referred From: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18955226
Author(s): Ramalingam K, Amaechi BT, Ralph RH, Lee VA
Author(s): Fukushima T, Iwao H, Nakazima A, Miki M, Sakai T, et al.
Author(s): Rokadiya S, Malden NJ
Author(s): Dessì A, Crisafulli M, Accossu S, Setzu V, Fanos V
Author(s): Santos FA, Bastos EM, Rodrigues PH, Uzeda M, Carvalho MAR, et al.
Author(s): Sreeja S, Babu PRS, Prathab AG
Author(s): Rams TE, Degener JE, van Winkelhoff AJ
Author(s): Cragg GM, Newman DJ, Snader KM
Author(s): Maekawa LE, Valera MC, Oliveira LD, Carvalho CA, Camargo CH, et al.
Author(s): Bonifácio BV, Silva PB, Ramos MA, Negri KM, Bauab TM, et al.
Author(s): Santos VR, Gomes RT, de Mesquita RA, de Moura MD, França EC, et al.
Author(s): Pereira EM, da Silva JL, Silva FF, De Luca MP, Ferreira EF, et al.
Author(s): Gomaa OM, Gaweesh AS
Author(s): Banskota AH, Tezuka Y, Kadota S
Author(s): Dornelas CA, Fechine-Jamacaru FV, Albuquerque IL, Magalhães HI, Dias TA, et al.
Author(s): Machado JL, Assunção AK, da Silva MC, Dos Reis AS, Costa GC, et al.
Author(s): de Oliveira PF, Leandro LF, Montanheiro G, Bastos JK, da Silva Filho AA, et al.
Author(s): Oliveira GA, Ferraz ER, Souza AO, Lourenço RA, Oliveira DP, et al.
Author(s): Righi AA, Alves TR, Negri G, Marques LM, Breyer H, et al.
Author(s): Teixeira EW, Negri G, Meira RM, Message D, Salatino A
Author(s): de Almeida EB, Cordeiro Cardoso J, Karla de Lima A, de Oliveira NL, de Pontes-Filho NT, et al.
Author(s): Sharaf S, Higazy A, Hebeish A
Author(s): Santos VR
Author(s): Park YK, Alencar SM, Aguiar CL
Author(s): Batista LL, Campesatto EA, Assis ML, Barbosa AP, Grillo LA, et al.
Author(s): Marcucci MC
Author(s): Gazzani G, Daglia M, Papetti A
Author(s): Santos VR, Pimenta FJ, Aguiar MC, do Carmo MA, Naves MD, et al.
Author(s): Samet N, Laurent C, Susarla SM, Samet-Rubinsteen N
Author(s): Jebahi S, Oudadesse H, Jardak N, Khayat I, Keskes H, et al.
Author(s): Rivadeneira J, Carina Audisio M, Boccaccini AR, Gorustovich AA
Author(s): Wei QW, Dong YM, Chen XF, Li YL, Miao GH
Author(s): Kaczmarek M, Jurczyk MU, Rubis B, Banaszak A, Kolecka A, et al.
Author(s): Andrade AL, Manzi D, Domingues RZ
Author(s): Alencar SM, Oldoni TL, Castro ML, Cabral IS, Costa-Neto CM, et al.
Author(s): Trusheva B, Popova M, Bankova V, Simova S, Marcucci MC, et al.
Author(s): Miorin PL, Levy Junior NC, Custodio AR
Author(s): Ayres DC, Marcucci MC, Giorgio S
Author(s): Park YK, Koo MH, Abreu JA, Ikegaki M, Cury JA, et al.
Author(s): Leitão DP, Filho AA, Polizello AC, Bastos JK, Spadaro AC
Author(s): Ferreira SBS, Assis Dias BR, Obregón CS, Gomes CC, de Araujo Pereira RR et al.
Author(s): Topcuoglu N, Ozan F, Ozyurt M, Kulekci G
Author(s): Ramos DBM, Gomes FS, Napoleão TH, Paiva PMG, Silva MDC, et al.
Author(s): Bueno-Silva B, Alencar SM, Koo H, Ikegaki M, Silva GV, et al.
Author(s): Libério SA, Pereira AL, Araújo MJ, Dutra RP, Nascimento FR, et al.
Author(s): Dziedzic A, Kubina R, Wojtyczka RD, KabaÅ‚a-Dzik A, Tanasiewicz M, et al.
Author(s): Jorgensen JH, Swenson JM, Tenover FC, Barry A, Ferraro MJ, et al.
Author(s): Gajan EB, Shirmohammadi A, Aghazadeh M, et al.
Author(s): Pondei K, Fente BG, Oladapo O
Author(s): Song XL, Sun YY, Liu Y, Chen Q, Bi XX, et al.
Author(s): Poptani B, Sharaff M, Archana G, Parekh V
Author(s): Cao WB, Su D, Chen YM, Zheng YZ, Zhang FK, et al.
Author(s): Olczak-Kowalczyk D, Daszkiewicz M, Krasuska-Slawinska, Dembowska-Baginska B, Gozdowski D, et al.
Author(s): Allan I, Newman H, Wilson M
Author(s): Krishnan V, Lakshmi T