Determination of 25-OH-PPD in rat plasma by high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry and its application in rat pharmacokinetic studies

Author(s): Zhang X, Zhang D, Xu J, Gu J, Zhao Y


A sensitive and specific liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) method was developed for the investigation of the pharmacokinetics of 20(R)-dammarane-3beta,12beta,20,25-tetrol (25-OH-PPD) in rat. Ginsenoside Rh(2) was employed as an internal standard. The plasma samples were pretreated by liquid-liquid extraction and analyzed using LC/MS/MS with an electrospray ionization interface. The mobile phase consisted of methanol-acetonitrile-10 mmol/l aqueous ammonium acetate (42.5:42.5:15, v:v:v), which was pumped at 0.4 ml/min. The analytical column (50 mm x 2.1 mm i.d.) was packed with Venusil XBP C8 material (3.5 microm). The standard curve was linear from 10 to 3000 ng/ml. The assay was specific, accurate (accuracy between -1.19 and 2.57% for all quality control samples), precise and reproducible (within- and between-day precisions measured as relative standard deviation were <5% and <7%, respectively). 25-OH-PPD in rat plasma was stable over three freeze-thaw cycles and at ambient temperatures for 6h. The method had a lower limit of quantitation of 10 ng/ml, which offered a satisfactory sensitivity for the determination of (25-OH-PPD) in plasma. This quantitation method was successfully applied to pharmacokinetic studies of 25-OH-PPD after both an oral and an intravenous administration to rats and the absolute bioavailability is 64.8+/-14.3%.

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