Eastern blotting and immunoaffinity concentration using monoclonal antibody for ginseng saponins in the field of traditional Chinese medicines

Author(s): Tanaka H, Kukuda N, Shoyama Y


Ginsenosides separated by silica gel TLC blotted to a PVDF membrane that was treated with a NaIO4 solution followed by bovine serum albumin (BSA) resulted in a ginsenoside-BSA conjugate on a PVDF membrane. The blotted spots were stained by anti-ginsenoside Rb1 (G-Rb1) and -Rg1 (G-Rg1) monoclonal antibodies (MAbs). The newly established immunostaining method, Eastern blotting, was applied for the determination of ginsenosides possessing protopanaxadiol and/or protopanaxatriol in the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). This method developed a new way to separate the ginsenoside molecule into two functional parts using a simple and well-known chemical reaction. The sugar parts were oxidized by NaIO4 to give dialdehydes, which reacted with amino groups of the protein and covalently bound to the adsorbent PVDF membrane. The MAb bound to the aglycon part of the ginsenoside molecule for immunostaining. Double staining of Eastern blotting for ginsenosides using anti-G-Rb1 and -Rg1 MAbs promoted complete identification of ginsenosides in Panax species. The immunoaffinity concentration of G-Rb1 was deteremined by immunoaffinity column conjugated with anti-G-Rb1 MAb leading to the knock-out extract, which will be useful for the pharmacological investigation. To concentrate and determine G-Rb1 in P. japonicus, the crude extract of P. japonicus was fractionated by immunoaffinity column conjugated with anti-G-Rb1 MAb. Two ginsenosides, chikusetsusaponins III and IV having protopanaxadiol as an aglycon, were identified by Eastern blotting, although it was expected that G-Rb1 might be a component of P. japonicus by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) analysis.

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