Enhancement of oxidative response and cytokine production by yam mucopolysaccharide in murine peritoneal macrophage

Author(s): Choi EM, Hwang JK


Yam (Dioscorea batatas) mucopolysaccharide (YMP) was examined for the ability to induce secretory and cellular responses in murine peritoneal macrophages. When macrophages were treated with various doses (10-100 microg/ml) of YMP for 48 h, a significant cytotoxicity against B 16 cells was observed. YMP also increased the myeloperoxidase activity and the production of H(2)O(2), O(2)(-), nitric oxide (NO) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha). However, there was a little alteration on the production of IFN-gamma. These results indicate that reactive oxygen intermediates (ROI), reactive nitrogen intermediates (RNI) and TNF-alpha are likely major mediators of cytotoxic activity of YMP-treated macrophages.

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