phase I study of oral topotecan and pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (doxil) in platinum-resistant ovarian and peritoneal cancer

Author(s): Rose PG, Smrekar M, Haba P, Fusco N, Rodriguez MA


Objectives: The feasibility, safety, and preliminary efficacy of a second-line combination therapy for oral topotecan and pegylated liposomal doxorubicin in patients with platinum-resistant or refractory epithelial ovarian, peritoneal, or tubal carcinoma were investigated in this phase I trial.

Methods: A fixed dose of oral topotecan 2.3 or 1.53 mg/m(2) on days 1 through 5 and escalating doses of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin on day 1 of a 28-day cycle were administered. Dose-limiting toxicities and maximum tolerated doses were recorded. Safety was assessed by adverse event monitoring, and complete and partial responses were recorded.

Results: Twenty-two patients received a total of 61 courses of therapy. The maximum tolerated dose of combination therapy was 1.53 mg/m(2) of topotecan on days 1 through 5 and 40 mg/m(2) of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin on day 1 of a 28-day cycle. Because of cumulative thrombocytopenia, the dose of topotecan was decreased by one-third from 2.3 to 1.53 mg/m(2) in an effort to increase the dose of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin. Only 5 patients completed >4 cycles of therapy. The most common grade 4 adverse events at dose level 4 were neutropenia (5/9 patients) and leukopenia (2/9 patients). Overall responses were observed in 2 of 22 patients.

Conclusions: Oral topotecan and pegylated liposomal doxorubicin can be combined at doses that are active as monotherapies. However, the overall response rates after monotherapy in patients with platinum-resistant ovarian cancer are comparable to or higher than those observed in this phase I study of combination therapy.

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