Quercetin reduces susceptibility to influenza infection following stressful exercise

Author(s): Davis J, Murphy EA, McClellan JL, Carmichael MD, Gangemi JD


Exercise stress is associated with increased risk for upper respiratory tract infection. We have shown that exercise stress can increase susceptibility to infection. Quercetin, a flavonoid present in a wide variety of fruits and vegetables, has been reported to inhibit infectivity and replication of a broad spectrum of viruses and may offset the increase in susceptibility to infection associated with stressful exercise. This study examined the effects of quercetin feedings on susceptibility to the influenza virus A/Puerto Rico/8/34 (H1N1) following stressful exercise. Mice were randomly assigned to one of four treatment groups: exercise-placebo, exercise-quercetin, control-placebo, or control-quercetin. Exercise consisted of a run to fatigue (approximately 140 min) on a treadmill for 3 consecutive days. Quercetin (12.5 mg/kg) was administered via gavage for 7 days before viral challenge. At 30 min after the last bout of exercise or rest, mice (n=23-30) were intranasally inoculated with a standardized dose of influenza virus (0.04 hemagglutinating units). Mice were monitored daily for morbidity (time to sickness), symptom severity, and mortality (time to death) for 21 days. Exercise stress was associated with an increased susceptibility to infection [morbidity, mortality, and symptom severity on days 5-7 (P<0.05)]; quercetin offset the increase in susceptibility to infection [morbidity, mortality, and symptom severity on days 5-7 (P<0.05)] that was associated with stressful exercise. These data suggest that short-term quercetin feedings may prove to be an effective strategy to lessen the impact of stressful exercise on susceptibility to respiratory infection.

Similar Articles

CS-8958, a prodrug of the new neuraminidase inhibitor R-125489, shows long-acting anti-influenza virus activity

Author(s): Yamashita M, Tomozawa T, Kakuta M, Tokumitsu A, Nasu H, et al.

Cyclopentane neuraminidase inhibitors with potent in vitro anti-influenza virus activities

Author(s): Smee D, Huffman JH, Morrison AC, Barnard DL, Sidwell RW

Inhibition of the infectivity of influenza virus by tea polyphenols

Author(s): Nakayama M, Suzuki K, Toda M, Okubo S, Hara Y, et al.

[Inhibition of the infectivity of influenza virus by black tea extract]

Author(s): Nakayama M, Toda M, Okubo S, Hara Y, Shimamura T

Broad and potent anti-influenza virus spectrum of epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate-monopalmitate

Author(s): Kaihatsu K, Mori S, Matsumura H, Daidoji T, Kawakami C, et al.

Relationship between polyphenol content and anti-influenza viral effects of berries

Author(s): Sekizawa H, Ikuta K, Mizuta K, Takechi S, Suzutani T

In vitro antioxidant activity of polyphenol extracts with antiviral properties from Geranium sanguineum L

Author(s): Sokmen M, Angelova M, Krumova E, Pashova S, Ivancheva S, et al.

Antioxidant and antiviral activities of silybin fatty acid conjugates

Author(s): Gazák R, Purchartová K, Marhol P, Zivná L, Sedmera P, et al.