Regulation of cell proliferation, inflammatory cytokine production and calcium mobilization in primary human T lymphocytes by emodin from Polygonum hypoleucum Ohwi

Author(s): Kuo YC, Meng HC, Tsai WJ


Objective and design: This study was designed to elucidate action mechanisms of four anthraquinones identified from Polygonum hypoleucum Ohwi (P. hypoleucum Ohwi) on primary human T lymphocytes.

Material and methods: The cells were isolated from peripheral blood.

Treatment: T cells were treated with 5 to 60 microM of four anthraquinones with or without phytohemagglutinin (PHA; 5 microg/ml) for 3 days. Effects of 4 anthraquinones on T lymphocyte proliferation, production and gene expression of inflammatory cytokines and intracellular free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) were determined. Data were assessed with Student's t-test.

Results: On a percentage basis, emodin had the highest suppressing activity on T lymphocyte proliferation with an IC50 of 11.2 +/- 0.6 microM. Emodin decreased cytokine production, IL-2 mRNA expression, and [Ca2+]i in activated T cells.

Conclusions: We hypothesize that the inhibitory mechanisms of emodin on activated T cells proliferation are related to the impairment of cytokine production, IL-2 mRNA level and [Ca2+]i in the cells.

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