Author(s): Ali BH, Blunden G, Tanira MO, Nemmar A
Ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe, Zingiberacae) is a medicinal plant that has been widely used in Chinese, Ayurvedic and Tibb-Unani herbal medicines all over the world, since antiquity, for a wide array of unrelated ailments that include arthritis, rheumatism, sprains, muscular aches, pains, sore throats, cramps, constipation, indigestion, vomiting, hypertension, dementia, fever, infectious diseases and helminthiasis. Currently, there is a renewed interest in ginger, and several scientific investigations aimed at isolation and identification of active constituents of ginger, scientific verification of its pharmacological actions and of its constituents, and verification of the basis of the use of ginger in some of several diseases and conditions. This article aims at reviewing the most salient recent reports on these investigations. The main pharmacological actions of ginger and compounds isolated therefrom include immuno-modulatory, anti-tumorigenic, anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic, anti-hyperglycemic, anti-lipidemic and anti-emetic actions. Ginger is a strong anti-oxidant substance and may either mitigate or prevent generation of free radicals. It is considered a safe herbal medicine with only few and insignificant adverse/side effects. More studies are required in animals and humans on the kinetics of ginger and its constituents and on the effects of their consumption over a long period of time.
Referred From: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17950516
Author(s): Rates SM
Author(s): Stevenson DE, Hurst RD
Author(s): Kandaswami C, Middleton E Jr
Author(s): Kandaswami C, Perkins E, Drzewiecki G, Soloniuk DS, Middleton E Jr
Author(s): Middleton E Jr, Kandaswami C, Theoharides TC
Author(s): Ibraheim ZZ, Abdel-Mageed WM, Dai H, Guo H, Zhang L, et al.
Author(s): Macho A, Blanco-Molina M, Spagliardi P, Appendino G, Bremner P, et al.
Author(s): Colman-Saizarbitoria T, Boutros P, Amesty A, Bahsas A, Mathison Y, et al.
Author(s): Zamaraeva M, Charishnikova O, Saidkhodjaev A, Isidorov V, Granosik M, et al.
Author(s): Abourashed EA, Galal AM, El-Feraly FS, Khan IA
Author(s): Hosseinzadeh H, Parvardeh S
Author(s): Abdel-Fattah AM, Matsumoto K, Watanabe H
Author(s): Houghton PJ, Zarka R, de las Heras B, Hoult JR
Author(s): Worthen DR, Ghosheh OA, Crooks PA
Author(s): Wie MB, Won MH, Lee KH, Shin JH, Lee JC, et al.
Author(s): Irie Y, Itokazu N, Anjiki N, Ishige A, Watanabe K, et al.
Author(s): Surh YJ, Park KK, Chun KS, Lee LJ, Lee E, et al.
Author(s): Raafat K, Breitinger U, Mahran L, Ayoub N, Breitinger HG
Author(s): Raafat KM, Jassar H, Aboul-Ela M, El-Lakany A
Author(s): Lynch JW
Author(s): Betz H, Kuhse J, Fischer M, Schmieden V, Laube B, et al.
Author(s): Breitinger HG, Becker CM
Author(s): Legendre P
Author(s): Lynch JW
Author(s): Becker L, von Wegerer J, Schenkel J, Zeilhofer HU, Swandulla D, et al.
Author(s): Chindo BA, Anuka JA, McNeil L, Yaro AH, Adamu SS, et al.
Author(s): Lambert DM, Poupaert JH, Maloteaux JM, Dumont P
Author(s): Bloomenthal AB, Goldwater E, Pritchett DB, Harrison NL