Author(s): Saremi A, Arora R
We reviewed the roles of both alcohol and red wine in cardiovascular disease by discussing key animal and human studies. Included are studies regarding alcohol's association with coronary heart disease and the proposed mechanisms of action of alcohol. Likewise, studies concerning red wine's cardiovascular benefit and the mechanisms of action of red wine are discussed. Lastly, we reviewed studies on the adverse effects of alcohol and the current consumption recommendations as stated by the American Heart Association. Moderate alcohol consumption (<or=2 drinks per day) is associated with a reduced risk of coronary heart disease. This is believed to occur through alcohol's antithrombotic properties and its ability to increase high-density lipoprotein levels. It remains unclear whether polyphenol compounds in red wine make it an especially cardioprotective alcoholic beverage. These compounds are proposed to act by inhibiting low-density lipoprotein oxidation and thrombosis independently of alcohol. Moderate alcohol consumption is not associated with any significant morbidity; however, three or more drinks per day is associated with hypertriglyceridemia, cardiomyopathy, hypertension, and stroke. The American Heart Association does not recommend alcohol as a treatment approach and suggests that men drink no more than two drinks per day and women no more than one drink per day.
Referred From: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18496264
Author(s): Gabriela V, Gabriel D, Radoi B
Author(s): Daglia M, Papetti A, Grisoli P, Aceti C, Dacarro C, et al.
Author(s): Langcake P, Pryce RJ
Author(s): Sanders TH, McMichael RW Jr, Hendrix KW
Author(s): Slemani EH, Creasy LL
Author(s): Narayanan NK, Narayanan BA, Nixon DW
Author(s): Miura D, Miura Y, Yagasaki K
Author(s): Fehér J, Lengyel G, Lugasi A
Author(s): Foppa M, Fuchs FD, Preissler L, Andrighetto A, Rosito GA, et al.
Author(s): Park YK, Kim JS, Kang MH
Author(s): Karatzi KN, Papamichael CM, Karatzis EN, Papaioannou TG, Aznaouridis KA, et al.
Author(s): Jiménez JP, Serrano J, Tabernero M, Arranz S, Díaz-Rubio ME, et al.
Author(s): Cocchi M, Franchini G, Manzini D, Manfredini M, Marchetti A, et al.
Author(s): Tariba B
Author(s): Gennaro MC, Mentasti E, Sarzanini C, Pesticco A
Author(s): Roses OE, Gonzalez DE, Lopez CM, Pinerio AE, Villamil EC
Author(s): Brivet I, Chomard PH, Dumas P, Lallemant AM, Theven M
Author(s): Nation JR, Dagger LM, Dwyer KK, Braston GR, Grorer CA
Author(s): Eschauer H, Neeb RE
Author(s): Felipe Laurie V, Evelyn Villagra, Jamie Tapia, Jorge Sarkis ES, Marcos AH
Author(s): Daniel M, Woldermariam B, Chandravanshi S
Author(s): Pryrzynska K