lmmunophenotypic heterogeneity in osteosarcomas

Author(s): Hasegawa T, Hirose T, Kudo E, Hiwawa K, Usui M, et al.


Eighteen osteosarcomas were studied immunohistochemically. The tumors were classified into the following six histologic subtypes: five osteoblastic, four chondroblastic, four malignant fibrous histiocytoma-like, two telangiectatic, two low-grade central, and one giant cell-rich. Variable amounts of osteocalcin immunoreactivity were found in all tumors. Factor XIIIa-positive cells, which may be of fibrohistiocyte lineage, were present in three tumors of the malignant fibrous histiocytoma-like type, one of the telangiectatic type, one of the low-grade central type, and the tumor of the giant cell-rich type. One tumor of the osteoblastic type showed cytokeratin and epithelial membrane antigen immunoreactivities. The positive reactions for desmin in four tumors, for α-smooth muscle actin in 11 tumors, and for type IV collagen in one tumor seemed to indicate myofibroblastic differentiation of some tumor cells. S-100 protein-positive tumor cells were detected not only in all four tumors of the chondroblastic type, but also in three of the osteoblastic type, one of the low-grade central type, and in the tumor of the giant cell-rich type. These immunohistochemical results suggest that osteosarcomas are composed of heterogeneous cell populations, such as those of the osteoblastic, chondroblastic, myofibroblastic, and fibrohistiocytic types, and occasionally also of cells with epithelial features.

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