Poor prognosis nonseminomatous germ-cell tumours (NSGCTs): Should chemotherapy doses be reduced at first cycle to prevent acute respiratory distress syndrome in patients with multiple lung metastases? Ann Oncol21 :1585-1588

Author(s): Massard C, Plantade A, Gross-Goupil M, Loriot Y, Besse B, et al.



Patients with extensive lung metastases from nonseminomatous germ-cell tumours (NSGCTs) and dyspnoea at presentation are at high risk of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and death within the first weeks after chemotherapy induction. This syndrome is linked to acute intra-alveolar haemorrhage related to early tumour necrosis, which in turn, can be complicated by pulmonary infection promoted by neutropenia. The management of these patients was modified at Institut Gustave Roussy in 1997 to try to avoid this complication.

Patients and methods

Data concerning all patients with lung metastases from NSGCT and dyspnoea or a partial pressure of oxygen (pO2) <80 mmHg treated from 1980 to 2006 in our institution were collected. Patients were treated in a specialised intensive care unit. From 1980 to 1997, the first chemotherapy cycle consisted in a full-dose regimen. After 1997, a 3-day reduced induction regimen of EP (cisplatin 20 mg/m2/day and etoposide 100 mg/m2/day) was used, with bleomycin and two additional days of EP being postponed to day 15, with the regular BEP regimen being started at day 21.

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