[Upper limb deep venous thrombosis]

Author(s): Benhamou Y, Marie I, David N, Gbaguidi X, Cailleux N, et al.

Abstract

Deep venous thrombosis of the upper limb has become recently more common because of the increasing use of central venous catheters. Diagnosis is sometimes difficult. Main causes are pacemaker and central venous catheter related thrombosis. The thoracic outlet syndrome is a rare cause and requires a multidisciplinary diagnostic and therapeutic approach. A systematic research of a thrombophilic disorder is not recommended because of the weak therapeutic impact. Duration of anticoagulation is similar to lower limb deep venous thrombosis despite a lower rate of recurrence. Therapeutic alternatives recently developed include thrombolysis, angioplasty and vein stenting. To date, no randomized controlled studies have evaluated the efficacy and safety of the various treatments that have been proposed for upper limb deep venous thrombosis.

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