Differences in quality of life in men and women with ischemic heart disease

Author(s): Westin L, Carlsson R, Erhardt L, Cantor-Graae E, McNeil T


A study was conducted in Sweden in 1989-1992 to evaluate differences in quality of life (QL) in consecutive male and female patients after acute myocardial infarction (AMI), coronary artery by-pass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). Somatic and psychological dimensions of QL were assessed by self-administered questionnaire in patients one month (n = 376) and one year (n = 349) after the cardiac event. Normal controls (n = 88) were used for comparison. Differences between gender groups, as well as between study patients and controls in somatic and psychological dimensions of QL were studied. Patients were shown to experience poorer QL when compared with demographically similar controls, especially at the one-month assessment. Female patients had poorer QL after one month (in general health, feeling of arrythmia, anxiety, depression, self-esteem, experience of sex life) and after one year (general health, anxiety, depression) compared with male patients. In all dimensions of QL a proportion of patients (19-45%) experienced a decrease in QL from the one-month to the one-year assessment occasion. Healthcare workers concerned with secondary prevention must be aware that QL differs between male and female patients in several dimensions after a cardiac event. These findings should be taken into account in the clinical management of patients, particularly for female patients who may need special attention.

Similar Articles

Prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in Turkey (the Patent study) in 2003

Author(s): Altun B, Arici M, NergizoAYlu G, Derici U, Karatan O, et al.

[EUROASPIRE III: a comparison between Turkey and Europe]

Author(s): TokgÃzoÄŸlu L, Kaya EB, Erol C, Ergene O; EUROASPIRE III Turkey Study Group