Author(s): Molinari NAM
The health status of populations has long been a central focus for health scientists, economists, and policy makers. Early work from the USA and the UK established the contributions that factors such as environment and lifestyle make to population health.
In his seminal work, Who shall live, Victor Fuchs examined declining rates of infant mortality in New York City.
From 1900 to 1930, he found that rising living standards, the spread of literacy and education, and substantial decreases in birth rates all contributed to population health. With the introduction of antimicrobial drugs in the 1930s, Fuchs attributed the continued decline in infant mortality from 1935 to 1950 to advances in health care and the continued improvement in living standards.
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