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From genetics of intraspecific differences to genetics of intraspecific similarity

Author(s): Chadov BF, Chadova EV, Kopyl SA, Artemova EV, Khotskina EA, et al.

Abstract

Based on the Mendelian approach to heredity, modern genetics describes inheritance of characters belonging to the category of intraspecific difference. the other large category of characters,intraspecific similarity, stays out of investigation. In this review, the genome part responsible for intraspecific similarity is considered as invariant and regulatory. An approach to studying the invariant part of the Drosophila melanogaster genome is formulated and the results of examining this genome part are presented. The expression of mutations at genes in the invariant genome part is different from that of Mendelian genes. We conclude that these genes are present in the genome in multiple copies and they are functionally haploid in the diploid genome. Severe abnormalities of development appearing in the progeny of mutant parents suggest that the mutant genes are genes regulating ontogeny. A hypothesis on an elementary ontogenetic event is advanced and the general scheme of ontogeny is presented. A concept on two types of gene allelism (cis- and trans-allelism) is formulated. This approach opens a possibility for studying genetic material responsible for the formation of intraspecific similarity characters at different taxonomic levels on the basis of crossing individuals of the same species.

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